HALÉVY, ÉLIE

HALÉVY, ÉLIE (1870–1937), French philosopher and historian. He was the son of Ludovic and brother of Daniel (see Halévy family). He was raised as a Protestant (his mother's religion). He became professor at the Ecole libre des Sciences politiques where he taught English history and European socialism. A Dreyfusard and a secular rationalist, he was a founder of the Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale and the Société française de Philosophie. His first work, La Théorie platonicienne des sciences (1896), dealt with Plato's negative dialectic as a way to positive construction. He applied this theory in a basic study of the Benthamite movement, La formation du radicalisme philosophique, 3 vols. (1901–04; The Growth of Philosophic Radicalism, 1928). His important Histoire du peuple anglais au XIXe siècle, 5 vols. (1912–32; A History of the English People in the 19th Century, 1924–34) covering the periods 1815–41, and 1895–1914 (he died before completing the rest), was an anti-Marxist interpretation of English history, stressing the role of religious factors in English political stability. He also wrote The World Crisis of 191418 (1930), L'ère des tyrannies (1938) against fascism and communism, and Histoire du socialisme européen (1948; from his notes). Halévy favored transforming collective belief through compromise rather than fanaticism as the means to international peace. At the end of his life he was pessimistic, convinced that war was inevitable and that the fascist and communist tyrannies would be perpetuated. He played an important role in English as well as in French intellectual life.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Brunschvicg, in: Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale, 44 (1937), 679–91; C.C. Gillispie, Journal of Modern History, 22 (1950), 232–49; M. Richter, International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 6 (1968), 307–10. (Richard H. Popkin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Halévy, Élie — ▪ French historian born Sept. 6, 1870, Étretat, Fr. died Aug. 21, 1937, Sucy en Brie       French historian, author of the best detailed general account of 19th century British history, Histoire du peuple anglais au XIXe siècle, 6 vol. (1913–47;… …   Universalium

  • HALEVY, Elie — (1870 1937)    French historian and social philosopher whose work on English history led him to argue that METHODISM saved England from a REVOLUTION in 1815. His thesis, known as the Halevy thesis is similar to that of WEBER in emphasizing the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Halevy, Elie — (1760 1826)    French Hebrew writer and poet. He was born in Fürth, Bavaria, and moved to Paris, where he served as cantor, secretary of the Jewish community, and teacher. From 1817 to 1819 he edited and published a weekly journal, LTsraelite… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • HALÉVY, ELIE HALFON — (1760–1826), writer and poet in Hebrew and French. Born into an illustrious Jewish family in Fuerth, Bavaria, he received an Orthodox upbringing. As a young man he moved to Paris where he served as cantor, secretary of the community, and teacher …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elie Halevy — Élie Halévy Élie Halévy (6 septembre 1870 à Étretat 21 août 1937 à Sucy en Brie) est un philosophe et historien libéral français, spécialiste de l Angleterre. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Influence …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Élie Halévy — (6 septembre 1870 à Étretat 21 août 1937 à Sucy en Brie) est un philosophe et historien libéral français, spécialiste de l Angleterre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Élie Halévy — (September 6, 1870 August 21, 1937) was a French philosopher and historian who wrote studies of the British utilitarians, a history of 19th century England and the acclaimed book of essays, Era of Tyrannies .BiographyÉlie Halévy was born in… …   Wikipedia

  • Halevy — Halévy (Hebr.: הַלֵּוִי) ist der Familienname folgender Persönlichkeiten: Daniel Halévy (1872–1962), französischer Historiker und Sohn von Ludovic Halévy Élie Halévy (1870–1937), französischer Philosoph und Historiker Élie Halévy (Chalfan)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halévy — (Hebr.: הַלֵּוִי) ist der Familienname folgender Persönlichkeiten: Daniel Halévy (1872–1962), französischer Historiker und Sohn von Ludovic Halévy Élie Halévy (1870–1937), französischer Philosoph und Historiker Élie Halévy (Chalfan) (1760–1826) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HALÉVY (J. F. F.) — HALÉVY ÉLIE LÉVY dit JACQUES FRANÇOIS FROMENTAL (1799 1862) Élève de Cherubini, comme son contemporain Auber, Halévy fut avec ce dernier l’une des gloires musicales de la Restauration et de la monarchie de Juillet. Là s’arrête la ressemblance;… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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